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Exact copy of the "Personality_Disorders" wiki-page beginning with "the page title" on elftown.eu :
2011-04-23 22:40:58
Last author: Artsieladie
Owner: Artsieladie

Therefore, since this page was originally created ON Elftown, the links may or may not work here on Elfpack.

Elftown wiki-page: http://elftown.eu/wiki.html?name=Personality_Disorders
#Artsieladie #Cyberstalking #Stalking #PhoneTampering #InvasionOfPrivacy #Hacking #Eavesdropping #SlanderingMyName #ArtTheft #CopyrightInfringement

Personality_Disorders


(Banner)
This wiki focuses around increasing awareness about "Stalking", and more specifically, "Cyber-stalking".
This particular page will be centered around the "Personality Disorders" those inclined to stalk another may be afflicted with.


Come join the group on Facebook: "Cyberstalking Awareness"
http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=108817515813806

<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBeadDividerByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png>


Personality Disorders

See also: Adaptive_Personality_DefensesBehavioural_Tendencies.

Personality Disorders:

Resource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personality_disorder

Personality_disorder
Cluster B (dramatic, emotional or erratic disorders)
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Antisocial personality disorder (DSM-IV code 301.7): a pervasive disregard for the law and the
          rights of others.
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Borderline personality disorder (DSM-IV code 301.83): extreme "black and white" thinking,
          instability in relationships, self-image, identity and behavior.
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Histrionic personality disorder (DSM-IV code 301.50): pervasive attention-seeking behavior
          including inappropriate sexual seductiveness and shallow or exaggerated emotions.
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Narcissistic personality disorder (DSM-IV code 301.81): a pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need
          for admiration, and a lack of empathy.


See also: http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec07/ch105/ch105a.html

   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Narcissistic Personality: People with a narcissistic personality have a sense of superiority, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. They have an exaggerated belief in their own value or importance, which is what therapists call grandiosity. They may be extremely sensitive to failure, defeat, or criticism. When confronted by a failure to fulfill their high opinion of themselves, they can easily become enraged or severely depressed. Because they believe themselves to be superior in their relationships with other people, they expect to be admired and often suspect that others envy them. They believe they are entitled to having their needs met without waiting, so they exploit others, whose needs or beliefs they deem to be less important. Their behavior is usually offensive to others, who view them as being self-centered, arrogant, or selfish. This personality disorder typically occurs in high achievers, although it may also occur in people with few achievements.

   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Antisocial Personality: People with an antisocial personality (previously called psychopathic or sociopathic personality), most of whom are male, show callous disregard for the rights and feelings of others. Dishonesty and deceit permeate their relationships. They exploit others for material gain or personal gratification (unlike narcissistic people, who exploit others because they think their superiority justifies it).

   Characteristically, people with an antisocial personality act out their conflicts impulsively and irresponsibly. They tolerate frustration poorly, and sometimes they are hostile or violent. Often they do not anticipate the negative consequences of their antisocial behaviors and, despite the problems or harm they cause others, do not feel remorse or guilt. Rather, they glibly rationalize their behavior or blame it on others. Frustration and punishment do not motivate them to modify their behaviors or improve their judgment and foresight but, rather, usually confirm their harshly unsentimental view of the world.

   People with an antisocial personality are prone to alcoholism, drug addiction, sexual deviation, promiscuity, and imprisonment. They are likely to fail at their jobs and move from one area to another. They often have a family history of antisocial behavior, substance abuse, divorce, and physical abuse. As children, many were emotionally neglected and physically abused. People with an antisocial personality have a shorter life expectancy than the general population. The disorder tends to diminish or stabilize with age.


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Psychopathy:

Resource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychopathy

Psychopathy was until 1980 the term used for a personality disorder characterized by an abnormal lack of empathy combined with strongly amoral conduct but masked by an ability to appear outwardly normal. However the publication of DSM-III changed the name of this mental disorder to Antisocial Personality Disorder and also broadened the diagnostic criteria considerably by shifting from clinical inferences to behavioral diagnostic criteria. However, the DSM-V working party is recommending a revision of Antisocial Personality Disorder to "Antisocial/Psychopathic Type", with the diagnostic criteria having a greater emphasis on character than on behavior. The ICD-10 diagnostic criteria of the World Health Organization also lacks psychopathy as a personality disorder, its 1992 manual including Dissocial (Antisocial) Personality Disorder, which encompasses amoral, antisocial, asocial, psychopathic, and sociopathic personalities.

Despite being currently unused in diagnostic manuals, psychopathy and related terms such as psychopath are still widely used by mental health professionals and laymen alike. In particular, NATO has funded a series of Advanced Study Institutes on psychopathy both prior to DSM-III and since. Researcher Robert Hare has been a particular champion of the term and his Hare Psychopathy Checklist is the standard tool for differentiating between those with Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD) and the subset who are psychopaths. According to this scale, the prevalence of APD is two to three times that of psychopathy.

According to Christopher J. Patrick in his 'Handbook of Psychopathy' clinicians generally believe that there is neither a cure nor any effective treatment for psychopathy; there are no medications that can instill empathy, while psychopaths who undergo traditional talk therapy only become more adept at manipulating others. However, other researchers suggest that psychopaths may benefit as much as others from psychological treatment, at least in terms of effect on behavior. According to Hare, the consensus among researchers in this area is that psychopathy stems from a specific neurological disorder which is biological in origin and present from birth although this was not what was reported by a 2008 review which instead indicated multiple causes and variation between individuals. Hare estimates that about one percent of the population are psychopaths.


Characteristics


The prototypical psychopath has deficits or deviances in several areas: interpersonal relationships, emotion, and self-control. Psychopaths gain satisfaction through antisocial behavior, and do not experience shame, guilt, or remorse for their actions. Psychopaths lack a sense of guilt or remorse for any harm they may have caused others, instead rationalizing the behavior, blaming someone else, or denying it outright. Psychopaths also lack empathy towards others in general, resulting in tactlessness, insensitivity, and contemptuousness. All of this belies their tendency to make a good, likable first impression. Psychopaths have a superficial charm about them, enabled by a willingness to say anything without concern for accuracy or truth. Shallow affect also describes the psychopath's tendency for genuine emotion to be short lived and egocentric with an overall cold demeanor. Their behavior is impulsive and irresponsible, often failing to keep a job or defaulting on debts. Psychopaths also have a markedly distorted sense of the potential consequences of their actions, not only for others, but also for themselves. They do not deeply recognize the risk of being caught, disbelieved, or injured as a result of their behaviour.

Researcher Robert Hare, whose Hare Psychopathy Checklist is widely used, describes psychopaths as "intraspecies predators". Also R.I. Simon uses the word predator to describe psychopaths. Elsewhere Hare and others write that psychopaths "use charisma, manipulation, intimidation, sexual intercourse and violence" to control others and to satisfy their own needs. Hare states that: "Lacking in conscience and empathy, they take what they want and do as they please, violating social norms and expectations without guilt or remorse". He previously stated that: "What is missing, in other words, are the very qualities that allow a human being to live in social harmony".

According to Hare, many psychopaths are superficially charming, and can excellently mimic normal human emotion; some psychopaths can blend in, undetected, in a variety of surroundings, including corporate environments.


Psychopathy vs. sociopathy


David T. Lykken proposes psychopathy and sociopathy are two distinct kinds of antisocial personality disorder. He believes psychopaths are born with temperamental differences such as impulsivity, cortical underarousal, and fearlessness that lead them to risk-seeking behavior and an inability to internalize social norms. On the other hand, he claims sociopaths have relatively normal temperaments; their personality disorder being more an effect of negative sociological factors like parental neglect, delinquent peers, poverty, and extremely low or extremely high intelligence. Both personality disorders are the result of an interaction between genetic predispositions and environmental factors, but psychopathy leans towards the hereditary whereas sociopathy tends towards the environmental.


Clinical management


In practice, mental health professionals rarely treat psychopathic personality disorders as they are often considered untreatable and no interventions have proved to be effective.


See also:
http://www.aftermath-surviving-psychopathy.org/
http://www.all-about-forensic-psychology.com/psychopath.html


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Psychological Projection:

Resource: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_projection

Psychological_projection or projection bias (including Freudian Projection) is the unconscious act of denial of a person's own attributes, thoughts, and emotions, which are then ascribed to the outside world, such as to the weather, a tool, or to other people. Thus, it involves imagining or projecting that others have those feelings.

Projection is considered one of the most profound and subtle of human psychological processes, and extremely difficult to work with, because by its nature it is hidden. It is the fundamental mechanism by which we keep ourselves uninformed about ourselves. Humor has great value in any attempt to work with projection, because humor presents a forgiving posture and thereby removes the threatening nature of any inquiry into the truth.

Paleo-anthropologically speaking, this faculty probably had survival value as a self-defense mechanism when homo sapiens' intellectual capacity to detect deception in others improved to the point that the only sure hope to deceive was for deceivers to be self-deceived and therefore behave as if they were being truthful.

One modern, radical view of projections is that they are prerequisites for normal social functioning. Persons incapable of ascribing their own feelings to themselves have great difficulties in understanding them. Unfortunately, human beings have done great harm laboring under the delusions of projection. This is especially true for historical cases of projection between ethnic or cultural groups, for example in Apartheid or Nazism.

In classical psychology, projection is always seen as a defense mechanism that occurs when a person's own unacceptable or threatening feelings are repressed and then attributed to someone else.

An example of this behavior might be blaming another for self failure. The mind may avoid the discomfort of consciously admitting personal faults by keeping those feelings unconscious, and redirect their libidinal satisfaction by attaching, or "projecting," those same faults onto another.

Projection reduces anxiety by allowing the expression of the unwanted unconscious impulses or desires without letting the conscious mind recognize them.

The theory was developed by Sigmund Freud - in his letters to Wilhelm Fliess, '"Draft H" deals with projection as a mechanism of defence' - and further refined by his daughter Anna Freud; for this reason, it is sometimes referred to as Freudian Projection.


Overview


According to Sigmund Freud, projection is a psychological defense mechanism whereby one "projects" one's own undesirable thoughts, motivations, desires, and feelings onto someone else. 'Emotions or excitations which the ego tries to ward off are "spit out" and then felt as being outside the ego...perceived in another person'. It is a common process that every person uses to some degree. The related defence of 'projective identification differs from projection in that the impulse projected onto an external object does not appear as something alien and distant from the ego because the connection of the self with that projected impulse continues'.

To understand the process, consider a person in a couple who has thoughts of infidelity. Instead of dealing with these undesirable thoughts consciously, they unconsciously project these feelings onto the other person, and begin to think that the other has thoughts of infidelity and may be having an affair. Thus one can obtain 'acquittal by his conscience - if he projects his own impulses to faithlessness on to the partner to whom he owes faith'. In this sense, projection is related to denial, arguably the only defense mechanism that is more primitive than projection. Projection, like all defense mechanisms, provides a function whereby a person can protect their conscious mind from a feeling that is otherwise repulsive.

Projection can also be established as a means of obtaining or justifying certain actions that would normally be found atrocious or heinous. This often means projecting false accusations, information, etc. onto an individual for the sole purpose of maintaining a self-created illusion. One of the many problems with the process whereby 'something dangerous that is felt inside can be moved outside - a process of "projection"' - is that as a result 'the projector may become somewhat depleted and rendered limp in character, as he loses part of his personality'.

Compartmentalization, splitting and projection are ways that the ego continues to pretend that it is completely in control at all times, when in reality human experience is one of shifting beingness, instinctual or territorial reactiveness and emotional motives, for which the "I" is not always complicit. Further, common in deep trauma, individuals can be unable to access truthful memories, intentions and experiences, even about their own nature, wherein projection is just one tool.


Counter-projection


When addressing psychological trauma the defense mechanism is sometimes counter-projection, including an obsession to continue and remain in a recurring trauma-causing situation and the compulsive obsession with the perceived perpetrator of the trauma or its projection.


Psychopathology


In psychopathology, projection is an especially commonly used defense mechanism in people with certain personality disorders: 'Patients with paranoid personalities, for example, use projection as a primary defense because it allows them to disavow unpleasant feelings and attribute them to others'.

Indeed, all 'the primitive defenses, such as splitting, (projection) and projective identification, are commonly connected with primitively organized personalities, such as borderline personality disorder'.

   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Narcissistic personality disorder
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Antisocial personality disorder
   <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Psychopathy


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Commentary: Personality Disorders:

From: ???
..(commentary soon)..

 <img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~
        (first indenting)
               (second indenting)


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A multitude of thanks!

A combined effort of many: taking away the power of the perp!
http://en.wikipedia.org/ ~ Cyberstalking
To Wikipedia, the Staff and Editors that make this fabulous site possible, and all those that work to continually
add to the wealth of information this website provides to/for the world!

As well, many thanks to ALL the sources and ALL those that have made this information available to share.
Knowledge IS power and by affording knowledge to potential victims, then the playing field between the perps
and the potential victims can become more level, without the criminals only being allowed the upper hand.

Ways to join in, contribute to this mission, please see the main page: Cyberstalking. Thank you! - /Artsie_ladie

____________________________________________


Resources => Cyberstalking_Link_Index

A complete list of resource links used throughout this wiki.

Resource links on this wiki-page:
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personality_disorder
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec07/ch105/ch105a.html
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychopathy
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://www.all-about-forensic-psychology.com/psychopath.html
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://www.aftermath-surviving-psychopathy.org/
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_projection

<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBeadDividerByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png>


Cyberstalking Main Sub-wiki-pages:

<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Cyberstalking (Main/Home)
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Cyberstalking-Stalking
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Adaptive_Personality_Defenses
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Behavioural_Tendencies
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Bullying-Mobbing
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Cell-phone_Users_Beware
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Computer_Vulnerabilities
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Cyberstalking_Link_Index
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Guidance_Versus_Forbiddance
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Hacker-Stalker_Toolbox
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Health_Issues_Of_Victims
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Online_Safety-n-Security
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Personality_Disorders (here)
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Sharing-To-Empower_Victim-No-More!
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Support-n-Survival_De-victimizing
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Tech-Knowledgy_IS_Power
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Victimization
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Victimizing_Methods
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Victim_Of_Cyberstalking

____________________________________________


More Related Wiki-pages:
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ Grooming, how to
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ SHU (Stalker Haters United)
<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBall11ByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png> ~ ???


<img:http://www.cathug.com/stuff/GoldBeadDividerByArtsie_ladie%c2%a92010.png>

May God Bless You and Have a "Safe" Day!

May the love of God always touch and live within your heart!

<i>By [Artsieladie]
</i>
All creativity on this site, including but not limited to, the art, writing, poetry, ideas and concepts, etc., created
and brought forth by [Artsieladie], aka Sharon Donnelly, is therefore owned by and copyrighted to the same, its creator. It may NOT be used, modified, copied, reproduced, or anything else without my expressed, written permission PER ITEM, including my nearly 11,000 graphics on this site.
To contact [Artsieladie], aka Sharon Donnelly:
<mailto:artsie_ladie@elftown.org>
Text ONLY emails! Non-compliance means deletion!

www.elftown.org

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