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|Post-traumatic_stress_disorder (PTSD): |
Children or adults may develop PTSD symptoms by experiencing bullying or mobbing.
(more coming here.)
|Complex_post-traumatic_stress_disorder (C-PTSD): |
A psychological injury that results from protracted exposure to prolonged social and/or interpersonal
trauma with lack or loss of control, disempowerment
captivity, i.e. the lack of a viable escape route for the victim. C-PTSD is distinct from, but similar to, post
traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
(more coming here.)
|The effects of bullying can be serious and even fatal. Mona O’Moore of the Anti-Bullying Centre at Trinity College in Dublin, has written, "There is a growing body of research which indicates that individuals, whether child or adult, who are persistently subjected to abusive behavior are at risk of stress related illness which can sometimes lead to suicide."|
Victims of bullying can suffer from long term emotional and behavioral problems. Bullying can cause loneliness, depression, anxiety, lead to low self-esteem, increased susceptibility to illness, and even thoughts about suicide.
The National Conference of State Legislatures said:
"In 2002, a report released by the U.S. Secret Service concluded that bullying played a significant role in many school shootings and that efforts should be made to eliminate bullying behavior."
There is a strong link between bullying and suicide. Bullying leads to several suicides every year. It is estimated that between 15 and 25 children commit suicide every year in the UK alone, because they are being bullied.
|Psychological and health effects to the victim of mobbing in the workplace:|
Victims of workplace mobbing frequently suffer from: adjustment disorders, somatic symptoms (eg, headaches or irritable bowel syndrome), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, major depression.
In mobbing targets with PTSD, Leymann notes that the “mental effects were fully comparable with PTSD from war or prison camp experiences. Some patients may develop alcoholism or other substance abuse disorders. Family relationships routinely suffer. Some targets may even develop brief psychotic episodes, generally with paranoid symptoms. Leymann estimated that 15% of suicides in Sweden could be directly attributed to workplace mobbing.
| First degree: Victim manages to resist, escapes at an early stage, or is fully rehabilitated |
in the original workplace or elsewhere.
Second degree: Victim cannot resist or escape immediately, suffers temporary or prolonged
mental and/or physical disability and has difficulty reentering the workforce.
Third degree: Victim is unable to reenter the workforce, suffers serious, long-lasting mental
or physical disability.
|Stalking can be a terrifying experience for victims, placing them at risk of psychological trauma and physical harm. Common emotional consequences include depression, anxiety, loss of self-esteem, shame, hopelessness and a sense of vulnerability that can persist long after the stalking ends. It is common for victims to blame themselves (self-blame), especially if the stalking results from an established relationship with the stalker. Families and friends may contribute to this sense that the victim is at fault (victim blaming). Disruptions in daily life necessary to escape the stalker, including changes in employment, residence and phone numbers, may take a toll on the victim's well-being and lead to a sense of isolation.|
According to Lamber Royakkers, "Stalking is a form of mental assault, in which the perpetrator repeatedly, unwantedly, and disruptively breaks into the life-world of the victim, with whom they have no relationship (or no longer have). Moreover, the separated acts that make up the intrusion cannot by themselves cause the mental abuse, but do taken together (cumulative effect).
|Stockholm_syndrome: In psychology, this is a term used to describe a paradoxical psychological phenomenon wherein hostages express adulation and have positive feelings towards their captors that appear irrational in light of the danger or risk endured by the victims.|
|While there is still disagreement as to what factors characterize incidents that contribute to the development of Stockholm_syndrome, research has suggested that hostages may exhibit the condition in situations that feature captors who do not abuse the victim, a long duration before resolution, continued contact between the perpetrator and hostage, and a high level of emotion. In fact, experts have concluded that the intensity, not the length of the incident, combined with a lack of physical abuse more likely will create favorable conditions for the development of Stockholm syndrome.|
|Stockholm_syndrome is a psychological shift that occurs in captives when they are threatened gravely but are shown acts of kindness by their captors. Captives who exhibit the syndrome tend to sympathize with and think highly of their captors. When subjected to prolonged captivity, these captives can develop a strong bond with their captors, in some cases including a sexual interest.|
|..(commentary soon).. |
|To Wikipedia, the Staff and Editors that make this fabulous site possible, and all those that work to continually |
add to the wealth of information this website provides to/for the world!
As well, many thanks to ALL the sources and ALL those that have made this information available to share.
Knowledge IS power and by affording knowledge to potential victims, then the playing field between the perps
and the potential victims can become more level, without the criminals only being allowed the upper hand.
Ways to join in, contribute to this mission, please see the main page: Cyberstalking. Thank you! - /Artsie_ladie
| ~ http://en.wiki|
| ~ Cyberstalking-Stalking|
| ~ Health_Issues_Of_Victims (here)|
| ~ Grooming, how to|
~ SHU (Stalker Haters United)